The major exclusions include war and misconduct of the assured. Ordinary leaking/loss of weight, wear and tear, unsuitable packing and inherent vice are also exclusions but these are often overlooked or misunderstood. Inherent vice is a hidden defect of the cargo that causes or contributes to its deterioration, damage or wastage and may apply to cargo that is susceptible to high/low temperatures or humidity.
WEAK/ NOT SEAWORTHY PACKING
Unpacked/unprotected items cannot be covered against rust, oxidation, de-colorisation, wetting, staining, scratching, bruising, chipping, denting, marring and the cost of repainting as applicable.
If items are packed in non-waterproof packing , items cannot be covered against rust, oxidation, de-colorisation, wetting, staining, scratching, bruising, chipping, denting, marring and the cost of repainting as applicable. This means that electrical switch boards, and all electronic devices need to be properly packed in seaworthy SEI 4C crates or similar. TPL will be pleased to provide full assistance here to find a cost effective SEI – 4C certified packing.
For more info back to READYBOX
GENERAL AVERAGE – what is it ?
GA is used as a way of sharing the costs of saving a vessel and its cargo equally amongst all parties even if the incident does not affect them equally.
GA is declared when a vessel encounters a problem that threatens the completion of the voyage trip. The voyage itself is considered in literature as a “common adventure” between all parties, including the cargo owners and shipowner. So if the journey is threatened, for example by the vessel running aground or containers with IMO cargo catching fire, it means each party must provide their share. This calculation is laborious and can lead to cargo being held for many months or years.
How does this affect me?
If your cargo is on board a vessel when the shipowner declares General Average, you will need to find the security to guarantee its release (on average 20% of the value of your cargo). If you are unable to raise this “General Average Bond “ security, your cargo will be held indefinitely….
Unfortunately, it is more common than most people realize, and amounts to approximately 10% of the loss expenses of marine insurers because of the size and frequency of GA claims.
TAKING RECOURSE FOR DUMMIES
In case of import cargoes, packages must be checked on apparent damage prior to delivery by a sworn surveyor in order to make recourse against last carrier on Delivery Order, thesereserves must be reconfirmed by registered mail and immediate notice of such loss or damage should be given to the surveyor named in the insurance certificate.
When delivery is made by container, the assured should insure that the container and its seals are examined immediately by the responsible official. If the container is damaged or with seals broken or missing or with seals other than stated in the shipping documents, to clause the delivery order accordingly and retain all defective or irregular seals for subsequent identification.
Very often it is overseen that receivers (= assured) have only within 3 (three days!) of delivery to give notice in writing to the Carriers or other Bailees, if the loss or damage was not apparent at the time of taking delivery.
Of course when submitting a claim under the ICC (a) policy all documents relative to the shipment should be forwarded to surveyor as indicated on the back of the insurance certificate.