SHORT SEA SHIPPING
Short sea shipping means the movement of cargo and passengers by sea between ports situated in Europe or between those ports and ports situated in non- European countries having a coastline on the enclosed seas bordering Europe but without crossing the oceans.
The concept of short sea shipping also extends to maritime transport between the Member States of the European Union and Norway and Iceland. Short Sea shipping covers transport to/from NORTH SEA – BALTIC SEA – BLACK SEA and MEDITERRANEAN SEA.
The Short sea shipping includes domestic and international maritime transport, including feeder services, along the coast, to and from islands, rivers and lakes.
Short sea shipping can be divided in:
- Liner shipping or Tramp shipping;
- Another way of looking at Short sea shipping is according to type of cargo;
- Dry or wet bulk;
- Conventional (breakbulk);
- Project cargo (indivisible loads);
- Ro-Ro and containers.
In 2013 Coastal seatransport represented more than 50% of Flemish (Belgian) Seaports.
- 2/3 passed via Antwerp (containers and breakbulk);
- 99% of traffic of Ostend seaport (ferry transport);
- 75% of Zeebruges seaport (mainly paper, ro/ro stock and Ferry transport);
- 40% of Ghent (breakbulk and ro/ro stock).
Flanders ranks in pole position for European Logistic Operations due to its inland location of 85 km inland Belgium. Of course distance by boat is almost 10 times more economic in transport efficiency than km by truck , by road.
We should also mention that Russia is gifted with a wide range of inland waterways. The North-Western part of Russia with the main port of St-Petersburg, due to its transhipment possibilities and restrictions remains the most important of the Russian Sea gateways, in comparison with:
- Russian Northern ports (Archangelsk, Murmansk, Dudinka, etc..)
- Russian Black Sea ports ( Novorossiysk, Yeisk, Rostov, etc..)
- Russian Far Eastern Ports ( Vladivostok, Vostochniy, Nakhodka, etc…).
St Petersburg port with its modern infrastructure and expansion, is the foremost import/export Russian border freight station and offers several advantages:
- its geographical position close to main Russian industrial and consumption centers, situated mostly in the European part of Russia and Ural region.
- important number of terminals
- good feeder connections with Baltic and North Sea ports (Antwerp, Zeebruges)
St Petersburg is situated at the mouth of the Neva river, which is the entrance to the Russian inland waterway system with access to:
- northern regions via Ladoga Lake and White Sea channel (Belomor Canal)
- Moscow region via Volgo – Balt channel and Volga river;
- Central and South European part of Russia and Ural river via Volga and Kama rivers;
- Black and Med seaports via Volga an Volga Don channel;
- Caspian sea ports via Volga river.